While there is currently no known way to prevent or cure hydrocephalus, there are three life-saving treatment options that require brain surgery.
How to treat Hydrocephalus?
While there is currently no known way to prevent or cure hydrocephalus, there are three life-saving treatment options that require brain surgery. With early detection and appropriate intervention, the future for many is promising.
The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is a medical device called a shunt, a flexible tube, which is placed in the ventricular system of the brain that diverts the flow of CSF to another region of the body, most often the abdominal cavity, or heart, where it can be absorbed.
Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy (ETV)
A second surgical treatment option is called an ETV. With this procedure, an endoscope is used to puncture a membrane on the floor of the third ventricle. This creates a pathway for CSF to exit the ventricular system and a shunt may not be needed. This procedure is typically performed in children over the age of 2. Not everyone is a candidate for ETV treatment.
Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy (ETV) with Choroid Plexus Cauterization (CPC)
The third treatment option involves the addition of choroid plexus cauterization (CPC) with ETV as a treatment primarily in children under 2.